Research & Publications

Childhood Obesity Can Cause Sleep Apnea

Childhood obesity can create many health problems for children. Some health problems include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Type II Diabetes, hip problems, depression and livers that are fatty and fail to function properly.  Children can also suffer from depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.

Another health problem is the development of ear, nose and throat problems. Obesity can cause a child to develop sleep apnea and there may be a relationship to middle ear infections, as well.

It’s important to recognize the impact that overweight and obesity is having on the health of children because, despite programs that encourage exercise and healthy foods, the rate of childhood obesity in the United States has doubled over the last twenty years.  More than 15 percent1 of children between the ages of 6 and 11 and more than 15 percent1 of those between the ages of 12 to 19 are overweight or obese.

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Q-tips (cotton swabs) are Sending Kids to the Emergency Room

Avoid Cleaning Your Eyes with Q-tips or Cotton SwabsCotton swabs are sending thousands of children to emergency rooms across the country.  NBC news and other media reported recently that the problem has increased to the point where about 34 children a day are injured by Q-tips. And amazingly, about two-thirds of them are under the age of 8. Approximately 77% of the children were injured when they were using Q-tips themselves after seeing their parents do it.  One way that you can prevent your child from suffering Q-tip injuries is to not use them.


Why Don’t You Need Q-tips?

The ears clean themselves.

Most of us use Q-tips because we think it is necessary to clean our ears. It’s not. Our ears are designed to clean themselves. Using Q -tips may actually make matters worse. According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, “Wax blockage is one of the most common causes of hearing loss. This is often caused by attempts to clean the ear with cotton swabs. Most cleaning attempts merely push the wax deeper into the ear canal, causing a blockage.”

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The Top 10 Pollutants That Cause Indoor Allergies

Household Cleaners Can Cause Indoor AllergiesWhen seasonal allergies bring on sneezing, coughing and nasal congestion you may be tempted to stay inside to avoid pollen and blooming flowers. However, that may not be the only thing that is aggravating your allergies. Did you know that the environment indoors may actually be worse for your allergies than the environment outside your door?

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently stated that a growing body of scientific evidence indicates that “air within homes and other buildings can be more seriously polluted than the outdoor air in even the largest and most industrialized cities.” That is troubling because according to the EPA, people in the United States spend “approximately 90 percent of their time indoors.”

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How to Get Your Baby to Sleep Longer at Night

Mom Breastfeeding Baby at Night Before BedBaby Sleep Day was held on March 1st, 2017. Pediatric sleep experts made themselves available around the clock all over the world on the Pediatric Sleep Council’s Facebook page in order to answer parents questions regarding their baby’s sleep habits. The main focus was how to get babies to sleep longer.

Melissa E. Moore, psychologist at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, recommended the Facebook Q&A session to parents on As a mom, Dr. Moore also suggested a few tips of her own, namely to separate the eating routine from the falling asleep routine. Just doing that, she wrote, would lead to longer sleep for babies (3 months and older) and parents. Specifically, “at bedtime only, feed first (yes this will make the baby sleepy), then do a bedtime routine that is 5-30 minutes long (yes this will wake the baby), then put the baby down for sleep.” This allows your baby to get used to falling asleep from a wide-awake state without having eaten just beforehand. As a mother, Dr. Moore admits that this could be a tricky request for moms who thrive on the feed-then-right-to-bed multitak approach. But, separating eating from falling asleep works, she says.

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The Importance of Head and Neck Cancer Screenings

Head and neck cancer screenings detect 55,000 new cancers every year. When detected early there is an 80% survival rate. That’s important to know because the rate of these cancers increased 225% between 1988 and 2004. The symptoms of head and neck cancers vary widely and many can be easily detected through these screenings.

Who is most apt to get head and neck cancers?

  • Men: They are twice as likely to contract these types of cancer than women.
  • Smokers: 75% of head and neck cancers are caused by smoking.
  • People over 50.
  • Young adults: Head and neck cancers are on the rise with this age group because of the rise of the incidence of the human-papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a virus that can cause cancer and is transmitted through oral sex.

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What You Need to Know About Allergy Medicine for Kids

All allergy medications are not created equal, especially when it comes to children. Children should only take children’s allergy medication, not a small dose of adult allergy medication – unless directed by a physician.

Children have different tolerances for medication doses and their systems are more sensitive to medication ingredients. As allergy season approaches, it’s important to know how to select over-the-counter (OTC) medications and how to safely and appropriately administer them.

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The Interconnected World of the Ear, Nose, and Throat

It’s not just your imagination. When something affects your ear, sometimes you find that it also affects your nose and throat, and vice versa.

Because the ear, nose, and throat are so intricately connected, they are able to function as one unit, with the pieces making up and supporting the whole. The downside is the sort of the same: because they’re so intricately connected, a disturbance in one can cause a problem in or for the other. The ear, nose, and throat are part of the upper respiratory system and they share the same mucous membranes. For instance, it’s rare that you may have ear problems without also experiencing problems in your nose or throat – which is why they seem to be affected by the same ailments – infections, swelling, dripping and congestion. Whether it’s ear pressure and pain, post nasal drip or strep throat, the ear, nose and throat love to share.

  • Americans catch approximately one billion colds a year.
  • Ear infections are the most common childhood illness (other than colds) for infants and young children.
  • Ninety million American adults snore.
  • Allergies make the ENT system go into hyperdrive. It is estimated that 30 to 60 million individuals in the US are affected by the symptoms of allergies each year.

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Why Do Children Have So Many Ear Infections?

If your child has frequent ear infections, you are not alone. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association says it is the most common childhood illness (other than colds) for infants and young children. Ear infections occur most frequently between the ages of 3 months and 3 years, but are common until the age of 8. Five out of six children will have at least one ear infection before their third birthday and nearly 40% of children will have three or more ear infections before that age.

Why are ear infections so common?

Basically, ear infections are common because the tubes and spaces in children’s ears are so small. When a child gets a cold, sore throat or upper respiratory infection, bacteria from those illnesses can spread to the middle ear. The bacteria causes fluid to build up in the middle ear (the space behind the ear drum), it becomes infected, the eardrum becomes inflamed, and bingo, you have an ear infection.

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Do Something About Your Snoring Before Someone Else Does

Husband snoring while frustrated wife tries to sleepSnoring can cause sleepy days, morning headaches, and irritability. It can make it difficult for you to concentrate and can disrupt your sleep, and that of the people who sleep next to you. The National Sleep Foundation estimates that 90 million American adults snore, 37 million of them on a regular basis. About 40% of adult men and 24% of adult women are habitual snorers. Believe it or not, snoring appears to run in families, and it becomes more common as you get older.

If you sleep with someone who snores, you know all too well what it is and what it sounds like. But what causes snoring, can it be treated, and do any of those “anti-snoring devices” on the market actually work?

Blame a “floppy” throat:
When you sleep, everything relaxes including the muscles of your throat and your tongue. Your throat becomes narrow and “floppy” and, as you breathe, the walls of your throat vibrate, causing that harrowing snoring sound. The narrower the airway becomes, the greater the vibration and the louder the snoring.

Sleeping on your back may make you more likely to snore. If your throat muscles are hyper-relaxed from the use of alcohol or other depressants, snoring will worsen. Congestion from a cold or allergies can also cause snoring.

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Why Do We Still Suffer From The Common Cold?

Husband and wife with common cold sneezingDid you know that Americans catch one billion colds each year? You’ve no doubt had a bout with a cold in the last couple of years, if not this year. And you’ve thought it more than once. While you are sneezing, coughing and blowing your nose from a bad cold you’ve said to yourself “If we can land a man on the moon why can’t we cure the common cold?” Good question.

Part of the answer to why we can’t cure the common cold is that it is caused by many different viruses, most of them rhinoviruses which means “viruses in the nose.” These viruses can also trigger asthma attacks, sinus and ear infections. We catch colds from other infected people by touching surfaces that they’ve touched or breathing in air into which they’ve sneezed or coughed. Being cold or wet doesn’t bring on a cold; however, fatigue, stress, allergies, and contact with those who are sick sure can.  Other viruses that can cause colds include respiratory syncytial virus, human parainfluenza viruses, and human metapneumovirus. It’s a bit of a viral soup when it comes to the common cold, and each of them has their very own unique way of making you sick.

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Childhood Obesity Can Cause Sleep Apnea

Childhood obesity can create many health problems for children. Some health problems include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, …

Q-tips (cotton swabs) are Sending Kids to the Emergency Room

Cotton swabs are sending thousands of children to emergency rooms across the country.  NBC news and other media reported …

The Top 10 Pollutants That Cause Indoor Allergies

When seasonal allergies bring on sneezing, coughing and nasal congestion you may be tempted to stay inside to avoid pollen …