The 3 Types of Hearing Loss, Its Causes, and How to Treat It
Hearing Loss Facts and Stats
Hearing loss is the 3rd most common health problem in the US. The Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA) indicates that 20 percent of American adults, about 48 million of us, report some type of hearing loss.
More than 50% of the people with hearing loss are younger than 65. A variety of conditions can cause hearing loss in both the young and older population. Depending on what type of hearing loss you may have, treatment options are available ranging from a simple wax cleaning, treating an infection or possibly hearing aids.
Tinnitus, a condition that causes ringing or buzzing in the ears, can be treated with the help of hearing aids.
Untreated hearing loss can affect the ability to understand speech and can negatively impact social and emotional well-being. Hearing loss in the older population has been linked to a contributor of depression due to feeling excluded and unable to communicate comfortably in social settings.
Hearing aids. The vast majority of Americans with hearing loss have their hearing effectively treated with hearing instruments.
Hearing loss is often a gradual process that worsens over time. To help determine if you may have a hearing loss, take this simple test. If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may have a hearing loss and should have your hearing tested.
There Are Three Types of Hearing Loss
- Conductive hearing loss
- Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL)
- Mixed hearing loss
Conductive Hearing Loss
Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound waves are not conducted properly from the outer ear through to the middle ear.
Causes of Conductive Hearing Loss
- Malformed outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear
- Fluid in the inner ear
- Ear infections
- Malfunctioning Eustachian tube
- Perforated eardrum
- Earwax that is impacted
- Otosclerosis – hereditary disorder due to bone overgrowth in the ear preventing vibration when the bone is stimulated by sound
Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL)
Sensorineural hearing loss is related to nerve problems in the inner ear.
Causes of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
- Exposure to loud noise
- Head trauma caused by sports activity, car accidents, etc.
- Disease or a virus, i.e., autoimmune inner ear disease, Meniere’s disease
- Inherited hearing loss
- Malformation of the inner ear
Mixed Hearing Loss
Mixed hearing loss is a combination of Sensorineural hearing loss and Conductive hearing loss indicating problems with the outer, middle, and inner ear.
Causes of Mixed Hearing Loss
- Refer to Sensorineural and Conductive hearing loss causes
Hearing aids are offered in various styles: receiver-in-canal (RIC BTE), behind-the-ear (BTE), completely-in-the-canal (CIC), and in-the-ear (ITE). While some styles, models, and sizes of hearing aids offer different technological features and some better amplification, we can ensure you a comfortable fit with minimal visibility.
BergerHenry ENT offers the safest and most advanced equipment and technology available today for the hearing impaired. We will advise and guide you through each step to improve your hearing and get you back to your daily life.